Licensing and Open Access

Licensing and Open Access


There are a number of options regarding archiving, licensing and Open Access. Please note the 3 key items listed below:

UK universities are encouraging their staff to publish articles as Open Access. There are a number of options regarding archiving, licensing and Open Access. Before submitting articles note the 3 key items listed below:

  1. Authors can archive their pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) and/or post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing)
  2. All articles are published on the journal website in a public, readable format and these webpages can be shared online (see shareARTICLES), with the publisher retaining the copyright at no cost to the author or their employers. These articles cannot be downloaded, only viewed.
  3. There is a full low cost Open Access (OA) option of £150 plus VAT if the author(s) wish to retain their copyright. See below.

National Wellbeing Service Ltd (ie the publisher) Open Articles are published under Creative Commons licenses. With a Creative Commons license, the author(s) retain the copyright but allow others to copy and distribute the work provided they give author(s) credit, subject to the conditions of the relevant Creative Commons license as below.


Wellcome Trust and RCUK funded authors publishing in National Wellbeing Service journals can use the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY) for their articles. (This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.) See:

All other authors may use the following Creative Commons licenses:


•Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial license (CC BY-NC). (This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.) See:


•Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives license (CC BY-NC-ND). (This license only allows others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially). See:


Journal OA fees in 2024: £150 plus VAT.

For further information about Creative Commons licenses: